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AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive

No Wine for the 93rd
In Response To: Old dog learns new tricks ()

With the exception of a handful of officer and NCO cadre in the 371st Infantry (and over half of the white officers division-wide), the troops of the provisional 93rd Division who served under French command in the Great War were not regulars. The 369th, 370th, and 372nd Infantry regiments were National Guardsmen with their ranks supplimented by conscripts. The 371st was 98% draftees from the Carolinas, Maryland, Georgia, and Virginia with the addition of the above mentioned cadre. The four Regular Army regiments spent the war in New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii Territory, and the Philippine Islands.

GHQ of the American Expeditionary Forces gave the French government and the four regimental commanders implicit instructions that the colored troops were not to be given the standard ration of wine. The French honored this request and issued a double ration of sugar in it's place. A copy of this order can be found in the regimental files of the 372nd Infantry, which are housed at the National Archives. Any wine consumed or posessed by men of the provisional 93rd was 'privately procured'.

As to the question on Hatians, Major Daquin's Battalion of Free Men of Color, which fought the British at New Orleans in December, 1814 was composed almost entirely of Hatian refugees. The balance of their ranks were Choctaw Indians and a few free blacks. They wore civilian clothing and carried a hodgepodge of military arms and accoutrements, with the exception of the Indians, who mostly carried civilian arms.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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