AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
"Buffalo Soldiers" sightings
I can't recall if I posted what follows about a year or so ago. Regardless, here's a list of all the uses of the term "buffalo soldiers" that I've found in nearly forty years of stumbling around in the story of the black regulars who served between the end of the Civil War anfd the start up of the Dance with the Dons in 98.
A few days back I posted material from the early l870s on Mrs. Roe and what I think is the first published use of the term from the Nation and later the Army and Navy Journal (hereafter ANJ).
Here's my list of discoveries--in chronological order:
"The report that two companies of negro cavalry, from Texas, was to be located here as temporary Indian fighters does not seem to have much foundation. The Indians have supreme contempt for the darkies and call thgem "buffalo soldiers."
"The "buffalo soldiers", as the Indians call colored troops, returning with interest, as they do, the intense hatret the savages have for them, have won the respect and regard of all our people, and prejudice existing against them at one time has entirely disappeared."
"Although according to custom the Military Academy grtaduates of
"The five companies of cavalry left a week ago to catch those Indians 50 in number, that left San Carlos Agency to do as they pleased because as thery said "buffalo soldier no shoot." They do not seem to think very highly of the colored soldiers fighting powers."
"We began to pass Indian huts, and saw them gathering wheat in the river bottoms, while they paused to gaze at us and doubtless wondered for what purpose the buffalo-soldiers were abroad in the land."
Note: in same article Remington also used "black man", "black troopers'" and "colored men" to refer to these soldiers. He also used "l0th United States Cavalry," "l0th Dragoons," and quoted an officer using "l0th Nubian Horse."
"Like hell," Thomas said, and pulled his gun, and looking directly at buffalo soldier William Carter remarked, "you black son of a bitch, I will kill you."
"Our cavalry has for soldiers negroes, and it is said that the troops here are the best two of "buffalo soldiers." in the service. Capts. Cusack and Garrard take much pride in keeping these fellows up to the mark. They are good riders, are cheerful in the performance of their duty, and are good rifle shots."
"As a stamping groubnd for buffalo soldiers the new states of Idaho and Wyoming, may be set downb as a howling success. They have had great fub chasing enterprising white pioneer cattle famrer in Wyoming and are now amusing themselves supressing labor unions in Idaho. It may be necessary to add that in the lingo of the aboriginal red men of the far west, "buffalo soldiers" is the picturesque designation of the colored troops who are supposed to "fight nobly."
"K is a black troop both as to riders and horses--the colored troopers being knownm as uffalo soldiers" by the Indians throughout the West, where all of them have served."
also from l894
"Colonel Andrew Burt, commanding the 25th Infantry, is proud of his "buffalo soldiers,: as he has reason to be....
And that it--all I have found prior to the start of the Spanish American War.
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