AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Re: EADES-GANN Pension File
In Response To: Re: EADES-GANN Pension File ()
In Kentucky the two primary sources of recruits into the USCT were slaves who escaped, and from slaveowners who were paid a bounty after freeing their able-bodied slaves so they could enlist in the Union Army. In the latter group, many enlisted with the surnames of their former owners, and other tried to enlist under the surname of their parents who were also slaves. They were encouraged or forced to adopt the surname of their former master in order to expedite and/or alleviate any problem regarding the former master receiving the bounty.
After they were mustered out many reverted back to surname of their biological parents or some other surname. Many years later when an invalid or widow's pension application was filed, the surname problem surfaced and if there had been a name change the problem was compounded in many cases. Usually there was a long and indepth investigative process conducted by the pension commissioners, and if it could not be proven the veteran had served under the name listed on the application or the name change could not be resolved, the pension was denied.
Reference your original post, I am speculating that Aaron Gann aka Edmon Eades and E. A. Gann may have enlisted as Edmon Eades and his name was inadvertently misspelled Edwards Eads by the enlisting officer. However, also keep in mind many officers were barely literate.
By the way over 23,000 men served in USCT regiments organized in Kentucky. Louisiana was first with over 24,000; Tennesse was third with 22,000; and Mississippi was fourth with 18,000.