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African American History Forum

Timeline of Historical Events

Timeline of Historical Events

1619

* History of Black America began with landing of twenty Blacks at Jamestown Virginia. John Rolfe said the ship arrived about the latter part of August and that it brought not anything but 20 odd Negroes. Surviving evidence suggests that the twenty Blacks were accorded the status of indentured servants.

1624

* First Black child born in English America christened William at Jamestown

1641

* Massachusetts became the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery

1644

* Eleven Blacks petioned for freedom in New Netherlands and were freed

1649

* Virginia census reports 300 Negro servants

1650

* Connecticutt gave statutory recognition to slavery

1651

* Anthony Johnson, free Black given 250 acres land in Northampton County VA

1652

* John Johnson, free Black, granted 550 acres in Northampton County VA

1661

* Virginia gave statutory recognition to slavery

1663

* Maryland gave statutory recognition to slavery

* Slave conspiracy in Gloucester County, VA

1664

* New York and New Jersey gave statutory recognition to slavery

1664

* Maryland enacted first antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black men and English women

1682

* South Carolina gave statutory recognition to slavery

1688

* First White formal protest against slavery by PA Quakers

1691

* Virginia enacted antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black and White

1700

* Rhode Island and Pennsylvania gave statutory recognition to slavery

1704

* School for Blacks opened in New York by Elias Neau

1705

* Massachusetts enacted antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black and White

1708

* Slave revolt Long Island New York

1712

* Slave revolt in New York City

1715

* North Carolina gave statutory recognition to slavery

* North Carolina enacted antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black and White

1717

* South Carolina enacted antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black and White

1721

* Delaware enacted antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black and White

1725

* Pennsylvania enacted antiamalgamation law to prevent intermarriage of Black and White

1731

* Benjamin Banneker born in Maryland

1739

* Slave revolt in Stono, SC

1741

* Slave revolt in New York

1746

* Absalom Jones born a slave in Sussex Delaware

1750

* Georgia gave statutory recognition to slavery

1760

* Richard Allen born in slavery in Philadelphia

* Jupiter Hammon published An Evening Thought: Salvation by Christ, with Penetential Cries

1769

* Watt patents steam engine

1770

* Crispus Attucks killed in Boston Massacre

* Quakers opened school for Blacks in Philadelphia

1773

* Massachusetts slaves petioned the legislature for freedom

* Phillis Wheatley's book of poems published

* Pioneer Black church established at Silver Bluff, SC

1775

* Prince Hall initiated into Masons at Ft. Independence, MA

1776

* Revolutionary War Begins

1777

* Vermont abolished slavery

1781

* Los Angeles, California founded by 44 settlers including descendants of Africans

1783

* Massachusetts abolished slavery

* New Hampshire abolished slavery

1784

* Rhode Island abolished slavery

* Connecticut abolished slavery

1789

* US Constution Adopted

1790

* Black population of United States 757,208 (19.3%)

1793

* First fugitive slave law enacted by Congress

1794

* Cotton Gin patented by Eli Whitney

1796

* Boston African Society was established

1797

* Soujourner Truth born a slave in Hurley, NY

1799

* New York abolished slavery (gradual emancipation)

1804

* New Jersey abolished slavery

* Ohio passed Black Laws restricting rights of free Blacks

1807

* US Congress banned the slave trade efective January 1808

1810

* Black population of US 1,377,808 (19%)

* American Insurace Company of Philadelphia established, Black managed

1811

* Louisiana slave revolt

1816

* African Methodist Episcopal Church organized at Philadelphia

* American Colonization Society organized in House of representatives

1817

* Frederick Douglass born in Talbot County Maryland

1818

* First Seminole War ended. Indians and Blacks defeated

1820

* US Black population 1,771,656 (18.4%)

* Mayflower of Liberia arived in Sierra Leone with 86 Blacks from New York

1822

* Denmark Vesey slave conspiracy defeated. Charleston, SC

* Hiram revels born free Fayeteville, NC

1827

* Slavery abolished in New York State

* First Black newspaper, Freedom's Journal, published in New York

1829

* Race riot in Cincinatti, Ohio. Over 1,000 Blacks moved to Canada

* Walker's Appeal published in Boston by David Walker (Antislavery pamphlet)

1830

* Black population of US 2,328,642 (18.1%)

* Blacks forcibly deported from Portsmouth Ohio by city officials

1831

* Nat Turner rebellion, Southhampton County, VA

1833

* American Anti-Slavery Society organized

1834

* Slavery abolished in the British Empire

1837

* Cheyney State Training School established in Pennsylvania

1838

* Charles Lenox Redmon began his career as an anti-slavery agent

* Mirror of Liberty published

1839

* Robert Smalls born in Beaufort, SC

* Amistad slave ship mutiny

* Seminoles and Black allies shipped from Tampa Bay, FL to the West

* Liberty Party organized at Warsaw, NY

1841

* Blanche Kelso Bruce born a slave in Prince Edward County VA

* US Supreme Court freed Joseph Cinquez and Amistad rebels

* Slave revolt on the Creole en route from Hampton VA to New Orleans

1845

* Macon B. Allen admitted to the bar passed exam in Worcester, MA

* Frederick Douglass published Narratives of Frederick Douglass

* GEORGE BENHAM born Laurens County SC

1846

* HARRIET HENDRIX born Haralson County GA

1847

* Liberia declared an independent republic by President Joseph Roberts

1848

* Revolutions Sweep Europe, Marx publishes Communist Manifesto

1850

* HARRIET BENHAM born Bartow County GA

1852

* Uncle Tom's Cabin published

1861

* US Civil War Begins

1865

* US Civil War Ends

* EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION !!!!!

1870

* Franco-Prussian war

1871

* Darwin publishes "Descent of Man"

1877

* Edison invents phonograph

1885

* Benz builds first gasoline powered car

* Eastman invents box camera

1892

* ETTA AUGUSTA BELL born Cleburne County AL

1898

* US defeats Spain, recognized as world power

1903

* Wright brothers fly for 12 seconds

1908

* Model-T Ford built

1913

* Mina Elizabeth BENHAM born Calhoun County AL

1914

* WWI Begins

1915

* Eastland sinks in Chicago River

1918

* WWI Ends

1919

* Clennon Washington King and Margaret Allegra Slater wed 18 August at Milledgeville

1922

* Mussssolini comes to power in Italy

1925

* Etta Augusta Bell married to Moultrie Benham at Anniston, AL

1929

* October, Great Stock Market Crash Starts Depression

1930

* The Green Pastures opened at Mansfield Theatre

* Delta Sigma Theta is incorporated

1931

* Walter White named NAACP executive secretary

* Ida B. Wells-Barnett deceased

* Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected president

1933

* Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

* Los Angeles Sentinel founded by Leon H. Washington.

1934

* W.E.B. DuBois resigned from NAACP in policy strategy dispute

1935

* Joe Louis defeated Primo Carnera at Yankee Stadium

* Italy invaded Ethiopia

* Mary McLoud Bethune founded National Council of Negro Women

* Michigan Chronicle founded by Louis F. Martin.

1936

* Jesse Owens won four gold medals at Olympics, Berlin

1937

* Joe Louis defeated Jimmy Bradock

* William H. Hastie confirmed first Black federal Judge.

* Bessie Smith died near Clarksdale MS

* Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters recognized by Pullman Company

1938

* MOULTRIE BENHAM , Sr., died November 17 at Anniston, AL

1939

* September, WWII Begins In Europe

* Marian Anderson sang at Lincoln Monument on Easter Sunday

* Thurgood Marshall heads NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc

1940

* Black population in US 12,865,518 (9.8%)

* Richard Wright published Native Son

* Marcus Garvey died at age 52 in London, England

* Benjamin Oliver Davis named 1st Black general in the regular army

1941

* December, US Enters WWII

* Dorie Miller awarded the Navy Cross

1945

* President Franklin Delano Roosevelt died 12 April

* United Nations founded at San Francisco 25 April

* Germany surrendered 8 May

* Col. B.O. Davis Jr named commander of Goodman Field KY.

* Japanese surrendered on VJ day ending WWII 2 September

* Jesse James Payne lynched in Madison County FL 12 October

* Brooklyn Dodgers signs Jackie Robinson 23 October

* Ebony magazine publishes first issue by John H. Johnson 1 November

1946

* Dr. Charles S. Johnson became first Black president of Fisk University

1947

* NAACP petition on racisim "An Appeal to the World presented to United Nations"

1948

* President Truman sent Congress a message urging adoption of a civil rights program

* Rosa Ingram and two teen sons condemmed to death for murder of white man

* President Truman issued Executive Order #9981 directing military equality of opportunity

* Ralph J. Bunche confirmed UN Mediator in Palestine, 18 September

* California Supreme Court voided Calif statue banning interracial marriages 1 October

* Channing H. Tobias (Slater kin) presented Spingarn 1 October

1949

* Joe Louis retired 1 March

* Ezzard Charles defeated Jersey Joe Walcott 22 June

* WERD, first Black owned radio station opened in Atlanta

* Ralph Bunche received Spingarn Medal 25 November

1950

* Black Population in U S 15,042, 286 ( 10%)

* Death of Charles R Drew 1 April

* Death of Carter G. Woodson, father of Black History 3 April

* U S Supreme Court undermines legal foundations of segregation in three land mark cases

* Sweatt v. Painter, McLaurin v. Oaklahoma state Regents and Henderson v. United States

* Charles H. Hamilton awarded the Spingarn Medal posthumously September

1951

* Racial segregation in DC restaurants ruled illegal 24 May

* Mob of 3,500 tried to keep Black family out of Cicero IL. Gov call National Guard 24 May

* Jet magazine founded by John H. Johnson of Ebony 1 November

* Harry T. Moore, NAACP official killed by bomb in Mims, FL 25 December

* Spingarn Medal presented to Mabel K. Staupers for leadership in nursing

1952

* Tuskegee Instute reported no lynchings in America for first time in 71 years of tabulation

* Spingarn presented to Harry T. Moore posthumously for civil rights leadership

1953

* Spingarn presented to Paul R. Williams for achievements as an architect

1955

* Death of Mary McLeod Bethune 18 May at Daytona Beach FL 18 May

* Supreme Court ordered school intergration "with all deliberate speed" 31 May

* Emmett Till lynched in Money, Mississippi 28 August

* Rosa Parks refused to give her bus seat to a white man 1 Dec Montgomery, AL

* Spingarn presented Carl Murphy of Baltimore Afro-American for civil rights and publishing leadership

1956

* First Satellite launched

* Martin Luther King, Jr., home in Montgomery, AL bombed 30 January

* Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama 3 February. She was suspended 7 February after a riot at the University and expelled 29 February.

1969

* Slater Hunter King, Sr. killed at Dawson, GA auto accident

1971

* Whitney Young died

1991

* Mina Benham Wood relocated to 516 Lara Lane March

1995

* Mina Benham Wood Died 21 Sept in Anniston, AL

1996

* Lines Choreography performed at Kennedy Center, DC


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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