Re: Tax & Property records from Albemarle Co. VA
There was an African American Johnson family at Monticello during the Civil war. The main documents on the subject are the following:
1) Joel Wheeler's request for Compensation for Union raid on Monticello 1865. His slave Mary Johnson supports his claim in the papers.
2) Bennett Wheeler vs. Joel Wheeler Alb. chancery case. Elizabeth, slave of Joel Wheeler had 11 children
3) When Mary Johnson marries Reuben Barbour in Alb. she names her mother as Elizabeth on m. bond. Going to document # 2 she has 10+- brothers & sisters. These 10 brothers/ sisters are not all known.
4) Joel Wheeler before he died sold 10 acres to John Lee Slaughter. The J.F. Bell records show his wife was Edith Johnson (so likely related to his known slave Mary Johnson)
5) 1870 census shows a Burwell Johnson with J.N. Wheeler (at Monticello)
6) 1867 Personal property tax of Alb. shows a Frederick Johnson at Levy's or Wheeler's.
7) Joel J. Wheeler vs. James N. Bailey @1885 cnancery suit shows Joel Wheeler went to Monticello in 1860 and left in 1878. Before that time he was Dr. Ben Randolph's farm manager (Randolph being a grandson of Thomas Jefferson.)