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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

In Response To: Re: NEHGS ()

Does it say in the book how it was determined that the people listed were Free Negro?
I looked for Isaac Ellison in KY and found only one listing for that name in 1830, in Bullitt KY I think it was, and he was listed under Free White males...
I would like to know if this was the same Isaac Ellison as is listed in the book..

To answer the second part of your query first.

Isaac Ellison is listed as a "Free Negro Head of Family" in the Carter G. Woodson book. He is listed as living in Mt. Washington, Bullitt County, KY. He is between the ages of 36-55 and there five (5) persons in his household. There is one (1) other FPOC listed for Bullitt County...a Cash Oldridge between ages 55-100 with 3 persons in his household.

As to the first part of your statement.

If you're looking at the 1830 Census on Ancestry. The name Isaac Ellison does appear under the Head of Houshold as the 8th person down on the page. And this page does state Free White Persons with the age breakouts for the persons in the household of the person named Head of Household. This is ONLY page #1 for the 1830 Census.

Notice on this page there is NO family information for Isaac Ellison. Click on the arrow for "NEXT". (menu line on Ancestry screen) That takes you to Page #2 of the Census record.

On Page #2 you will see the headings for slaves (male & female) & Free Colored Persons (male & female).

Count down 8 lines which will match you up to Isaac Ellison on Page #1. There are 3 females listed under the Slave header, 2 under 10 yrs. of age & 1 between 36 & 55. The Free Colored Persons has 2 males between the age of 36 & 55 a total of 5 persons in the houshold... same count as in Dr. Woodson's book.

I would surmise that these 5 folks consist of Isaac Ellison, a wife and 3 children. Why the females are listed under the Slave header I have no idea.

But the point is..... your Isaac Ellison is listed in both Woodson's book and the 1830 Census as an FPOC.

How it was determined that the people listed were Free Negroes?

From the FOREWORD of the book:
" these facts were determined from the manuscript schedules returned by those who took the census of the United Sates in 1830. After the Editor had first copied the record of one state to acquaint himself in detail with the information given in these census reports, the statistics were then copied under his direction by three persons. One of them had the advantage of two years normal training after finishing high school, and two of them have completed college courses at Howard University and the University of Michigan. The matter thus collected was then verified by Mr. Alrutheus Taylor, an alumnus of Michigan and a Harvard Master of Arts in HIstory and Economics, employed as Associate Investigator of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. Further verification was made by the Editor." Signed Carter G. Woodson Washington, D.C. September 1925.

Hope this answers your questions.
Art Thomas

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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