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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re: The Generic "Free Negro" in early Virginia

Hello,

I would like to interject my family research into this discussion.

While this particular set of ancestors were not FPOC's and did not become 'free' in the State of Virignia they did become FPOC's in Canada due to the Simcoe Act and Canada's process of gradual emancipaption ..... another story.

This statement ..... "On page 37: "The children belong to the master of the woman that bears them; and such as are born of a Negroe and an European are called Molattoes; but such as are born of an Indian and Negroe are called Mustees." .... and the statement that of the Pamunkey Indians who mixed with AA's seems to fit my personal genealogy.

This set of ancestors were slaves belonging to the family of Rene LaForce of Goochland Co., VA. They had been slaves to the LaForce family from ca the 1730's-1740's. The LaForce's and my ancestors, 13 in number, migrated in 1779 from Goochland Co., VA to a part of western VA, which becomes Bourbon Co., KY. The slaves were the children and grandchildren of what I suspect to be a 'dower' slave of Agnes Moseby LaForce named Betty/Bess.

They remained slaves of the LaForce family until 24 June 1780 and the British/Shawnee raid on Martin's Station during the Revolutionary War. The LaForce slaves along with the other captives from Martin's Station, said to be 400 in number, were then marched to Ontario, Canada. The slave family was then split/divided among the British Loyalists and their Shawnee allies.

Here is a transcribed account from the Draper Manuscripts that I believe concurs with the above statement's of the children of mixed heritage (Indian & AA) belonging to the slave owning family and that these children are of possible Pamunkey heritage as that was the predominant tribe in their Goochland county surroundings.
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From the Draper Manuscripts:

Rev. John D. Shane's Interview with George Bryan (Draper MSS 22C16[25])

"A Mr. Laforce, came out in 1779. An Indian had a wife of the Mulatto woman Hannah belonging to Mrs. Laforce. She, Agnes LaForce came to Riddle's
Station just before it was taken. On their way out, her husband,Rene
LaForce, died at the Big - or Flat Lick, (known by either name,) 7 miles
this side of Cumberland ford. The Indian's children [Kandis, Job, Grace,
Rachel, Patrick?] had pretty blue eyes, skin neither black, red, nor white,
kinked hair - &c. They were taken prisoner. One of the children now lives in Missouri."
========================================
Hannah the mulatto woman mentioned above as belonging to Mrs. LaForce was the daughter of Betty/Bess.

A listing of captives from the Martin’s Station. KY raid which took place on 24 June 1780 reflected The LaForce family.Mrs. Agnes Moseby LaForce, her children, including her daughters, Judith and Anna, along with their thirteen (13) slaves. The slaves, their names, relationships and disposition following the raid taken from Milo Quaiffe’s The Day Detroit Invaded Kentucky follows:

SELAH Slave of James Trabue who accompanied him to Ruddell's Station the day before it was captured. Selah was recovered during Wayne's Treaty in 1795.

DINAH Slave of Captain John Dunkin. She was returned from captivity during Wayne's Treaty of 1795.

BETTY (BESS) Slave of Agnes Laforce. After capture she was taken into possession of the Indians.

SCIPIO (SIPPIO) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Simon Girty an Indian interpreter.

JAMES (TIM) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Philip Le Duc an Indian interpreter.

ISHMAEL (ISHNER) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Philip Le Duc.

STEPHEN Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Captain Duncan Graham.

JOSEPH (JOE) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Captain Matthew Elliott.

KIJAH (KEGGY) Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Betty. After capture she was taken into possession of Captain Matthew Elliott.

HANNAH Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Betty. After capture she was taken into possession of Mr. Fisher.

KANDIS (CANDIS) Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Hannah. After capture she was taken into possession of Captain Alexander McKee.

JOB Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Hannah. After capture he was taken into possession of Jacques Duperon Baby an Indian interpreter.

GRACE Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Hannah. After capture she was taken into possession of the Indians.

RACHEL Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Hannah. After capture she was taken into possession of the Indians.

PATRICK Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Hannah. After capture he was taken into possession of the Indians.

ESTHER Slave taken at Martin's Station and taken into possession of Captain Henry Bird. In 1791 she and her son were later given to William Lee for his services in clearing 16 acres of land for Captain Bird.

Sorry, I didn't mean to write a book, but thought this 'story' might add to the discussion.

Art Thomas


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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