AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Re: South Carolina Egyptiams
In Response To: Re: South Carolina Egyptiams ()
I think this is where DNA testing comes into play.
My maternal paternal line is genetically connected to the I2b haplogroup which is Celtic and has its origins in the British Isles. My McKenzie greatgrandfather was born around 1855 in TN and was considered mulatto. I assumed that he would test as having an African male ancestor, but was not surprised when the DNA results were different. When I received the test results I started my research into Africans in the British Isles. Also, before I did DNA testing I had found information connected to the McKenzie surname showing a McKenzie/MacKenzie who was called Kenneth the Black. I still am not sure if this referred to his ethnicity. I have found evidence of the Moorish and north African influence on the peoples of the Briish Isles, some of which was connected to the Barbary Pirates. Also, here is an excerpt from Wikipedia regarding the DNA mixture of the peoples of the British Isles and Thomas Jefferson:
Geneticists have found that seven men with a rare Yorkshire surname carry a genetic signature previously found only in people of African origin. All the men tested positive for haplogroup A1, a y-chromosome genetic marker which is highly west African specific. Haplogroup A1 is extremely rare and has only ever been found 25 times amongst people of whom all were African. Haplogroup A1 is a subclade of Haplogroup A which geneticists believe originated in Eastern or Southern Africa.
The individuals had no knowledge of any African heritage in their family. The researchers hypothesized that the presence of this haplogroup in Yorkshire could stem from the recruitment of Africans for the construction of Hadrian's Wall by the Romans or result from intermarriage with an African slave, some of whom rose quite high in society.
In the North Welsh town of Abergele there is a very high percentage of haplogroup E3b1 (33%), which originated in Northeast Africa 26 Ky ago (Cruciani 2007).
Geneticists have shown that former American president Thomas Jefferson, who was of Welsh descent, along with 2 other British men out of 85 British men with the surname Jefferson carry the rare Y-chromosome marker K2 which is typically found in East Africa and the Middle East. Haplogroup K2 is extremely rare in Europe but phylogenetic network analysis of its Y-STR (short tandem repeat) haplotype shows that it is most closely related to an EGYPTIAN K2 haplotype, but the presence of scattered and diverse European haplotypes within the network is nonetheless consistent with Jefferson's patrilineage belonging to an ancient and rare indigenous European type."
Also, on a personal note, one of my VA ancestors has close DNA matches with those belonging to the E3b1 haplogroup. On the census records he was considered mulatto, but viewing the photo of his son, his son only appears to be African ancestored.
IMHO, trying to determine the true ethnicity of the early settlers of America by using nationality is never going to give us the true picture of their ancestral origins.
Messages In This Thread