AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Re: Francisco / Frank Cisco....Angolan?
In Response To: Re: Francisco / Frank Cisco....Angolan? ()
I believe the entire "Anglo Theory" to be over-applied. If you check-out the slave trade routes of the Spanish/Portuguese pre-1607 you'll wonder if the "20 odd lot of Negroes" are really from Anglo.
In "Before the Mayflower", Lerone Bennett (pub. 1961 - I have the 6th edition), noted several black passengers on the James (1621) and Swan (1623), who arrived in the Virginia Colony; refer to pg. 35. On pg. 37, Mr. Bennett clearly explains the origins of these Africans as arriving from England, Spain, Portugal and the West Indies. NO WHERE DOES HE EVERY MENTION "UNBAPTIZED" AFRICANS ARRIVING DIRECTLY FROM AFRICA.
Furthermore, Google "Lost Colony", and view the official names associated (l'll omit the link since the moderator has to approve the content) - note at least 10% of arrivals who are now associated w/ the colony had Spanish/Portuguese surnames.
This is not rocket science - the Spanish/Portuguese had explored and conquered large parts of the the world, including Virginia to Florida. St. Augustine, Florida was a command center for Spain - housing, hundreds of mixed-race, and black soldiers, under the command of Creoles (pure Spanish) - all of this occurred between 1525 and 1570, well before 1607. Lastly, check-out the archives from the Jamestown dig - they discovered letters written in Spanish from the original Virginia colony dated nearly 50 before the English arrived.