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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re: Black and Native Relations - REDMAN info

> I do not take seriously claims like, "Legend has

No problem ... I didn't think you would :)

The REDMANs I personally research, come from the same area as that of Prof. GATES family. But I don't yet know if or how they would connect up with those REDMANs. This area I speak of is where MD,Cumberland-Co borders Virginia & includes what is now WVA,Hardy-Co. Over the years the area has gone through various names ...

In 1634 part of the Virginia Colony became known as VA,York-Co.

In 1645 part of the Virginia Colony became known as VA,Northumberland-Co.

In 1651 part of the above 2 counties went into the formation of VA,Lancaster-Co.

1656 VA,Old-Rappahannock-Co was formed from above.

1692 VA,Essex-Co was formed from above.

1720 VA,Spotsylvania-Co was formed from above.

1734 VA,Orange-Co was formed from above.

1753/12/12 VA,Hampshire-Co was formed from above.

1785-1786 VA,Hardy-Co was formed from above.

1863 WV,Hardy-Co was formed from the above & still is today.

For those interested in possible Indian connections ...

The death certificate for
Isaac Wolverton=Wolfe REDMAN, Sr.
n=23 Oct 1826 d=07 Jun 1912 @85y7m14d states that his parents were
Jesse Wolverton REDMAN, Sr. & Ruth PARKER. These are the earliest documented names of this REDMAN line.

A family genealogy made about 100 years ago says that the parents of this Jesse Wolverton REDMAN, Sr. were Wolverton REDMAN who married an Indian woman by the name of Makabweskakaha who took the English given name of Phoebe=Phebe. However I know of no documentation to support this claim :(

It is rare though to actually uncover an Indian name. I do not know which tribe she was supposed to belong to. But I tried to find a similar Indian name structure ... the closest I could come up with was that of a Sauk
under Chief of the Thunder Clan named
Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kaih (also spelled Mucketamachekaka) which translated to
Black-Sparrow-Hawk in English.

I did notice in the VA,Hardy-Co tax records (that Paul HEINEGG mentioned in this thread) that we find the word "Mingo" included.

Historical notes I know of connected to Mingo Indians ...

1755-1763 The Delaware, Mingo & Shawnee sided with the French during the French & Indian War. The Iroquois Confederacy officially remained neutral, but many in the Iroquois Confederacy allied with the French.

1774/04 The Yellow-Creek Massacre took place near present-day WV,Wheeling. Among the dead were Mingo Chief Logan's brother & pregnant sister. Violence then escalated into Lord DUNMORE's War.

1774/10/10 Colonel Andrew LEWIS & approximately 800 men defeated 1,200 Indian warriors led by Shawnee Chief Cornstalk at
the Battle of Point Pleasant, ending Lord DUNMORE's War.

1775-1783 During the American Revolutionary War, the Mingo & Shawnee allied with the British. Historians estimate that only 5,000 black men served in the Continental Army, whereas tens of thousands fled slavery to join the British.

1776 The Mingo Indian tribe inhabited VA,Hardy-Co. White people called these Indians Mingos, which was a corruption of "mingwe", an Algonquian word meaning "stealthy" or "treacherous". Mingos have
also been known as "Ohio Iroquois"
& "Ohio Seneca".

1777 One of the more notable battles occurred when a war party of 350 Wyandot, Shawnee & Mingo warriors, armed by the British,
attacked Ft.Henry, near present-day WV,Wheeling. Nearly half of the Americans manning the fort were killed in the 3 day assault. Following the war, the Mingo & Shawnee, once again allied with the losing side, returned to their homes in Ohio. As the number of settlers in the region grew, both the Mingo & the Shawnee moved further inland, leaving western Virginia to the white settlers.

1790 The USA had a total population of 3,929,214 with over 90% of all persons gainfully employed engage in agriculture.
Virginia had 12,866 free negroes. Only 1.7% of Virginia's population consisted of free people of color; in the 13 former colonies & the territories of Kentucky, Maine & Vermont, the combined figure was even smaller.

According to the Census, VA,Hardy-Co
(now WV) was the only county in Virginia where free people of color outnumbered slaves. There were 411 free people of color
& only 369 slaves.

NICOLE

Administrator of the REDMOND & variant surnames DNA Project at
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/redmond


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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