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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re:Black and Native Relations
In Response To: Re:Black and Native Relations ()


Here is some documentation on my ancestors that triggered my initial question. The LaForce family resided in Goochland Co., VA, home of the Pamunkey, prior to their departure for Rudell's & Martin's Forts in KY. My line comes from Betty, Hannah & Candis.

Thanks again for your help in trying to resolve the Slave/Indian question.

Art Thomas

Slave Captives at Ruddell's and Martin's Forts
.List of Mrs. La Force's 13 Negro Slaves at Detroit:
Scipio in possession of Simon Girty; Tim and Ishener in possession of Mr. Le Due; Stephen in possession of Capt. Graham; Joseph and Keggy in possession of Capt. Elliot; Job in possession of Mr. Baby; Hannah in possession of Mr. Fisher; Candis in possession of Capt. McKee; Betty, Grace, Rachel, and Patrick in possession of the Indians.

Source: Milo Quaife, "When Detroit Invaded Kentucky," The Filson Club History Quarterly, 1 (January, 1927), 58-59. Also William Renwick Riddell's "Life of William Dummer Powell, First Judge at Detroit and Fifth Chief Justice of Upper Canada" (Lansing, 1924)
The papers of William Dummer Powell are located in the Burton Historical Collection in the Detroit Public Library..
Hannah is the slave in question having children fathered by an Indian . Hannah is the daughter of Betty and Hannah’s five (5) children are: Candis, Job, Grace, Rachel & Patrick.

“A Mrs. LaForce came out in 1779. An Indian had a wife of a mulatto woman belonging to Mrs. LaForce. She came to Riddle’s (sic) just before it was taken. On their way out her husband died at the Big – Flat Lick (known by either name) 7 miles this side of Cumberland Ford. The Indians children had pretty blue eyes, skin neither black, red, nor white, kinked hair etc. They were taken prisoner. One of the children living in Mo.”

Source: Draper Manuscript MSS 22 C16 [25]

Know all men by these presents that I, William B. La Force of the county of Woodford and the state of Kentucky, have nominated, constituted and appointed and by these presents do nominate, constitute and appoint Merit Young of the county and state aforesaid my true and lawful attorney for me and in my name to demand and take into possession ( if practicable) or make arrangements for the recovery of all or any part
of the Negroes that myself and the legal representatives of Randolph La Force senr., decd, are entitled to in
Upper Canada or elsewhere in the British Canadian country. those Negroes being the same (with their increase) taken by Capt. Bird from Martin's Station in Kentucky in the 1780 (sic). Their names are as follows: and old woman named
BETTY & seven children, to wit, Scippio, HANNAH, James, Ishmael, Stephen, Joe & Kijah, also the above named HANNAH had five yellow children, to wit, CANDIS, Job, Grace, Rachel, & Patrick. Now be it known therefore that by these presents I do hereby ratify & confirm all such lawful acts & things which he,
my said attorney, may lawfully do for the benefit of the above representatives of Randolph La Force, senr.,
decd, in as full & ample manner as if myself was personally present. In Testimony whereof I hereunto set my
hand & seal this 25th day of August 1813.

/s/ W.B. La Force /seal/

Source: Woodford County Court
Book F, pp 187-188, La Force to Young

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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