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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

the mother of mothers

The subject is this entry is a remarkable ancestress named Jeanne Castillon. For many of her descendants she represent a unique place on the family tree because she holds the position of being one of the earliest known african blooded ancestor outside of the mother continent. Jeanne Castillon earliest origins place her at the Pointe Coupee outpost in the 1740's. There she would give birth to her older children ( Jean Baptiste and Nanette )as a "esclave negresse" in the household of Monsieur Pierre Durocher dit Castillon. Later her slavemaster would move to New Orleans and Jeanne would become an invaluable member to her master's household as the health of her mistress declined. In these years of increased dependency upon Jeanne, she gave birth to her last child a mulatto daughter baptized Maria ( my ancestor ) and the possible offspring of her french master. Jeanne undoubtable led a more comfortable life as slave than most. Her master held a degree of affection for this slave of his, because years before his death Durocher would emancipate Jeanne's negro son Jean Baptiste and his wife Charlotte. And when Durocher passed away in the late 1770's Jeanne was undoubtable given her freedom due to her advanced age( she would be approching 60 at the time). Jeanne Castillon would continue to live in New Orleans as a free negresse for another 20 yrs. By the time of her death in 1800 Jeanne had left the urban bustle of New Orleans for the slow pace of the Opelousas prairie region. Here at the Grande Prairie, she finished her life in the care of her daughter now a " mulatresse libre" and the spouse of a affluent planter and slaveowner , Nicolas Simon Lacour dit Larouille. I would like to include this detailed timeline of Jeanne's life below. Hope this was at least enjoyable reading if not informational for distant relatives.

1720 Jeanne known as Jeanneton possible birthyear she could possibly

be a creole slave (one born int the colony)
1730 Pierre Durocher dit Castillon married Catherine Josephe

in Pointe Coupee
1740 Jean Baptiste, a negro son of Jeanne, born a slave in the

Durocher household

Aug 20 Thomas Guichard died, father-in-law to Duroche
1743 Nanette(St Laurent), a negro daughter of Jeanne born

1745 Dec 20 Jeanne and her 2 children are enumerated among the

slaves of Durocher
1748 May 3 Durocher purchased 12 lots in New Orleans

1749 Feb22 Sale of Durocher's plantation in Pointe Coupee

1753 Nicolas Simon born in the household of his father Simon Lacour

(future spouse of Nicolas Simon)
1757 Maria, a mulatto daughter of Jeanne, born in New Orleans
1759 Marianne,a mulatto granddaughter, born to her daughter Nanette

(future spouse of Martin Donato Bello)
1763 Alexandre,a mulatto grandson, born to her daughter Nanette

1770 May 16 Jeanne, her children( Jean Baptiste, Nanette and Maria)

and her 2 grandchildren ( Marianne and Alexandre) are listed

in the sucession papers of Catherine Guichard Durocher

1773 Oct 23 Donation of property to Marie Francoise Durocher by her

father, Nanette could have been apart of this donation

1775 Aug 9 Durocher draws up manumission papers for Jean Baptiste

and his wife Charlotte

1776 Sept 13 Sucession of Simon Lacour

1778 Jan 5 Emancipation of a mulatress slave Marianne 19yrs by

Pierre Durocher

Louis Marie Grumeau, a french Dominican priest from Santo

Domingo, arrives in Spanish New Orleans

Governor Galvez appoints Grumeau to be the resident priest of

Opelousas parish

Jul 14 Nicolas Simon along with his sister are freed after a

legal dispute with the widow Lacour

Dec 8 Pierre Francois Durocher dies. Succession papers lists

Jeanne; her son and daughter-in-law; Maria; and Marianne

with her infant son Auguste Piernas.

1779 Apr 7 Simon Durocher, heir of Pierre Durocher, sells a slave

Juana( Maria) a mulatresse of 20yrs to Rev. Grumeau

1780 Oct 15 Grumeau liberates a mulatress slave

Oct 24 Louis Nicolas Simon ( son of Maria )baptized at 3wks.

Oct 25 Maria's infant son emancipated by Grumeau.

1782 Feb 2 Eulalie, infant daughter of Maria, emancipated by

Rev. Grumeau (my ancestor and future spouse of Michel

Papillon)
1783 Oct 17 Maria becomes a "femme libre" surnamed Castillon

1784 Oct Charles Nicolas Simon born to Maria

Oct 6 Marianne Castillon (jeanne's granddaughter) gives

birth to Lucien Martin Donato
1788 Nov 24 Maria Castillon weds Nicolas Simon Larouille

1799 Nov 19 Eulalie Simon Larouille (jeanne's granddaughter)

weds the Michel Papillon of Natchitoches with ties

to the Metoyer clan
1800 Sept 29 Land sale from Jeanne Castillon "negresse libre" to

her son-in-law Nicolas Simon.

Sept-Dec " Died Jeane, dit Jeaneton, Castillon, aged about

100 years; she was free, died at her son's

Nicolas Simon, dit La Roye, free mulatre, in

Grand Prairie. This woman has seen three

centuries; the last years of 1600, all of 1700

and this year of 1800." the possible burial

notation of the local priest.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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