AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
In Response To: Re: Shumaker ()
You might want to get your hands on this book - to try to track any folks who stayed behind:
REGISTERS OF FREE NEGROES, BOTETOURT CO., VIRGINIA, 1802-1836 - Dorothy Boyd-Rush 1993, xi ca.75 pages, index [4606IB] $12.95
"In 1793, the Virginia General Assembly enacted legislation "to restrain the practice of Negroes going at large." To correct this "problem," the statute went on to require that "free Negroes or Mulattoes... be registered and numbered in a book" which was to be maintained by the clerk of the court in the city or county where the free blacks resided. Reregistration was required yearly in the cities, and every three years in the counties. Some Virginia clerks of the court subsequently began to maintain a Register of Free Negroes. Regardless of where the "registers" were maintained, the entries generally recorded the "age, name, colour and status" of every freeman. Additionally, "by whom and in what court" emancipation had been granted was duly noted. If, however, the person being registered was a freeborn individual that fact was noted instead. The law further provided that a copy of the registration was to be given annually to all free negroes for the sum of twenty-five cents, to serve as proof that he or she was free and could, therefore, remain within the jurisdiction and legally accept work. Botetourt County, which was formed in 1770 from Augusta, generally recorded either only the first name of the woman or her full married name. This collection of records from Botetourt County affords a valuable research tool for black families researching their ancestors in this area."
I have found that a number of the published genealogy books have helped me in my research in Loudoun County.
Your best bet however is if you can - take a trip to Botetort - to wade thru county records.