Re: SAMS of St. Landry Parish/St. Martin Parish
I found something interesting that connects my 3rd Great-Grandfather, Leufroy Pierre-Auguste to Francois P. Pitre Jr., the son of François Pouponne Pitre and Eugenia Guillory, the owners of
Caroline (Slave) of Francois Pitre.
My 3rd Great-Grandfather, Leufroy Pierre-Auguste worked for Francois P. Pitre Jr. He is listed in the 1860 census.
Francois P. Pitre Jr. 33 farmer, $2500 real estate, $9100 personal, wife Azeline C. Pitre 28, Francois 10, Estelle 9, Arthure 7, Azeline 5, Armant 3, Octave 2 months, Diomel S. Durio 16 stock holder, Lufroid P. Auguste 30 stock holder; slaves: male (black) 15 [p. 151/I11]
Name: Lupay Pre Auguste
Estimated birth year: abt 1827
Birth Place: Louisiana
Home in 1850
(City,County,State): St Landry, Louisiana
Intergrated Confederate Units
Louisiana, unlike other southern states, primarily maintained
separated white and black military organizations. A few
Louisiana "free blacks", however, served in white
Confederated units and received Confederate pensions.
Among them were Charles Lutz, Jean Baptiste Pierre-Auguste,
and Leufroy Pierre-Auguste of St. Landry Parish, who fought
with the Confederate army troops at Shiloh, Fredericksburg,
Confederate Research Sources
Civil War Service:
Auguste, Lufoy Pierre. Pvt. Co. K. 16th La. Infty. En. Sept. 29th, 1861,
Camp Moore, La. Present on All Rolls from Sept., 1861, to Oct., 1862.
Roll for Nov. and Dec., 1862, ?Colored Man. Dropped from Roll by
Order of Col. Gober, Dec. 8th, 1862.?
CIVIL WAR HISTORY, Volume XXXII, No. 3, September, 1986
FREE MEN OF COLOR IN GREY
Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr.
Lufroy Pierre-Auguste was born in St. Landry Parish about 1830. He was
the son of Pierre Pierre-Auguste and Gabriele Tessier, free persons of color.
The 1860 census shows that Lufroy worked as a stockherder for
Francois P. Pitre, Jr. Lufroy left his farm and joined Captain Daniel Gober's
Big Cane rifles, which became Company K, Sixteenth Louisiana Infantry
Regiment. The first two muster rolls of this company list him as a free man of
color-the only such instance found in researching these men. None of the men
discussed in this manuscript, except for Lutz and possibly Gabriel Grappe,
pretended they were white. The other men in their units undoubtedly knew
them as free blacks. The Sixteenth Louisiana fought in the battles of Shiloh,
Farmington, and Perrysville. On December 8, 1862, while in camp at
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, Lufroy received a discharge from Confederate
service. The reason given for his dicharge was that he was a "colored man."
Apparently superior authorities had finally discovered that he was black and
ordered his separation from the army. Lufroy went home, but he did become
involved in one other incident before war's end. On May 13, 1865, he
surprised two Jayhawkers near Opelousas. These men made up part of a
band of outlaws, deserters, and draft dodgers who resisted Confederate
authority. The two Jayhawkers fired at him, and he returned fire, hitting one
of the men. Lufroy married in 1869, but no further information on his life
after the war has come to light so far.
1870 St. Landry Parish, LA Census Record
Leufroi Pierre-Auguste 40 M Mulatto LA Farmer $300 $225
Caroline Pierre-Auguste 37 F Mulatto LA
Celestine Pierre-Auguste 21 F Mulatto LA
Narcisse Pierre-Auguste 17 M Mulatto LA
Azelie Pierre-Auguste 14 F Mulatto LA
Valmont Pierre-Auguste 13 M Mulatto LA
Pierre Pierre-Auguste 11 M Mulatto LA
Eugenie Pierre-Auguste 8 F Mulatto LA *Wife of Valmont LeBlanc brother
to William, Elizabeth, Zeolide, Etienne
Meranthe Pierre-Auguste 6 F Mulatto LA *Wife of William LeBlanc
1880 United States Federal Census
Home in 1880: 1st Ward, Saint Landry, Louisiana
Auguste Lufroid Pierre 50 M Mulatto LA Farm Laborer
Caroline Pierre 50 F Mulatto LA
Eustine Pierre 30 F Mulatto LA Daughter
Ophelia Pierre 9 F Mulatto LA Granddaughter