1826/02/26 Hugh IVEY freed his 27 slaves with a Deed of Emancipation:
"I, Hugh IVEY, of the County of Sussex & State of Virginia
after full & mature deliberation & fully persuaded that freedom is the
birthright of all mankind & that no law human or divine can give or
hath given to me a just & equitable right to the labor or service of any
human being without making to him or her a reasonable or stipulated
compensation therefore & wishing to fulfil in this case at least the
golden rule to do unto others as I would they should do unto me &
having in my care & under my authority the following slaves to wit:
Harry, Jinny, Fanny, Lex, Nelly, Creacy, Lucy, Nancy, Dalilah,
Martha, Hannah, Lilly, John, James, Nancy, Joel, Matthew, Catherine,
Franky, Matilda, Nelly, Hosea, John, Daniel, Jame, Martha, Virginia.
Now know all men by these presents that I, Hugh IVEY, do by these
presents relinquish renounce & forever quit claim to the services &
labor of the aforesaid slaves & the increase of the females for myself
& my heirs & I do for myself & my heirs forever by these presents
declare, order & direct that the aforesaid slaves & the increase of the
females shall be & remain free from the control authority & government
of myself & all persons whatsoever claiming right or title to them
by, from or under me, so far as the said slaves can be free &
act for themselves under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed my seal
this 2nd day of February, 1826.
Signed, sealed & acknowledged in presence of Hugh IVEY (seal).
At a Court held for VA,Sussex-Co the 2nd day of February 1826.
This Deed of Emancipation was acknowledged by Hugh IVEY,
a party thereto to be his act & deed & ordered to be recorded.
Teste: L. LANIER, Clerk [VA,Sussex-Co Deed Book O p416].
Hugh IVEY's mulatto daughter married a REDMAN from the family
I write about.
Hugh IVEY & his former slaves migrated from Virginia as a group
to the more socially tolerant climate of Ohio.
1827-1849 OH,Ross-Co marriages include 11 persons named IVEY -
all of whom had names which appear in the Deed of Emancipation.
All of them are listed as black or mulatto & born in VA in the 1850 census.
3 additional IVEYs, 2 mulattos & 1 black, are listed in the 1850 OH,Ross-Co census, all born in VA & all named in the Deed of Emancipation.