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news article re: ante-bellum Fayetteville, NC
Charlotte Daily Observer
GARDEN SPOT OF NEGROES
Ante-Bellum Fayettevile --- Originally Called Campbellton -- Re-Named After Gen. Lafayette, Who Visited the Town in 1825 --- Fayetteville's Liberal Treatment of the Colored Race.
Written for The Observer.
Of all places in the Southern States, Fayetteville, the place of my nativity, was the garden spot of privileges and liberties for colored people prior to the civil war. I speak from personal knowledge when I state that, in days past and gone, there was exhibited by the white people of Fayetteville, in their relations and conduct toward the colored people, a splendid illustration of that grand epitome of Christian morals, the "golden rule." My recollection extends as far back as the year 1848. For information prior to that time, I have the statement of my father, who could go back, in his recollection, to the year 1806. Fayetteville, at first called Campbelltown, then Cross Creek, was given its present name in honor of General LaFayette, who visited and was the guest of the town in 1825.
It was settled by the sturdy Scotch, and was, at one time in its history, the commerical metropolis of the State. There were, however, others, from other parts of the globe, who settled at Fayetteville. Mr. Charles T. Hargh was an Englishman. In addition to conducting a large wholesale grocery business, he was president of the Fayetteville branch of the old State Bank of Cape Fear. The Robinsons, who came from the North, were eminent physicians. Mr. John W. Sandford also came from the North. He was cashier of the branch of the United States Bank at that point until President Jackson destroyed the bank by having the deposists withdrawn. Mr.James Kyle was Irish. He conducted a large wholesale and retail dry goods store, and was said to be the wealthiest man in the town. The Pashions?, Perrys, De Grosses, Mirenoes and Caszeauxs came from France. Among other prominent and leading families were the Donaldsons, Davises, Cochrane, Adams, Mumfords, Hays, Huskes, Winslows, Hales, Tillinghasts, Broadfoots, Malletts, Myrovers, Bakers, Wardens, Debbins, Stranges, Shepherds, Camerons, Buxions, Westmores, Rays, Pierces, Pulleyes, Barges, Johnsons, Starks, Starrs, Lillies, Williamses, Echols, McRaes, McLaurins, McIntyres, Hoopers, Hinsdales, McKeithans, Worths, Wrights, McLeans, Pembertons, Halls, Sutterlohs, McDuffies, Cookss, Draughtons, Leetes, Horns, Hybarts, Ochilbons, Martines, Grahams and Gilchrists. There was a larger number of free colored people at Fayetteville than any other town in the State. One reason for this was that a larger number of slaves were emancipated at that point than at any other place in the State. At one period in the State's history the Superior Court judges were clothed with the pwer to emancipate slaves. The father of the late Mr. John W. Norwood, of Hillsboro, was a Superior Court judge. Judge Norwood, believed like the great Thomas Jefferson, that a system of bondage ought not to last, and wherever and whenever be found colored persons who had purchased htemselves, or had been manumitted by their owners, he without hesitation emancipated them. The colored Methodist Church was establised at fayetteville by a colored man named by the name of Evans, who was known as Father Evans.
...to be continued...
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