AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
use of "by" in surname
In Response To: Re: use of "by" in surname ()
OK, case solved. I found the deed of manumission for one set of the "by" people - Crippin - (didn't have time to search all of the surnames). They had been freed a couple years before the 1820 census (1818) and I expect that is why they were marked out in the census.