For those researching FPOC's in Ohio, the counties of Clinton, Highland, Logan & Ross a book titled "Register of Black, Mulatto and Poor Persons in Four Ohio Counties 1791-1861 is a "gold mine". It is by Joan Turpin, Heritage Books, Inc. (1985).
One example of a family I've been researching is the Family of Nelson Piles (no relation).
Emancipation Papers for their family are on file (pp 67-69) at the Ross County, OH Probate Court.
Manumission Papers, Recieved and recorded 2 Jun 1818.
Here is an example of the type of information found in these papers:
"Nelson & Family, Amelia Co., VA 6 Oct 1817: Joshua Chaffin JP, testified that a certificate signed by John T. Leigh, clerk, contained the following information. NELSON #106, a mulatto man, aged about 34 years, 5 ft. 6 in, was emancipated by NELLY, a free Negro woman. 28 Mar 1816. ELLINOR, # 41 , a bright mulatto woman , aged about 27 years, 4 ft 8 or 9, straight dark hair. Was emancipated by the last will of JUDITH EGGLESTON, dated 29 Apr 1803, and executed by EDWARD EGGLESTON, executor, 10 Sep 1806. Certificates issued by CHARLES EGGLESTON indicated the the following, all children of ELLINOR, were born free. WILLIAM, #116, a mulatto boy aged about 3 years, 2 ft 8 in, JUDY, #117, a mulatto girl, aged about 10 years, 4 ft 4 in, ROBERT, #118 a mulatto boy, aged about 4 years, 3 ft 7 in, MARIA, #119, a mulatto girl, aged about 2 years, 2 ft 2n, yellow hair”.
The PILES family, it turns out that ELLINOR was NELSON’S “wife”, settled in the area of Clark County, Ohio (Springfield). ROBERT, the son becomes a very wealthy man through his Barber Shops.
He is advertised in the Western Pioneer, an early area newspaper in 1833, “The MILES & PILES” barber shop. (Note: John MILES was a relative). At the time of his death in 1867 he was a large property owner
in Springfield and left and Estate valued in excess of $100,00. Robert’s children were college educated, one son becoming a school principal, the other an attorney-at-law. He and his family were also heavily involved in the Ohio Underground Railroad. Robert is mentioned as an Operator in Wilbur H. Siebert’s
works on the Ohio UGRR. One son also served in the Civil War with the USCT’s.
(Note: Nelson Piles is found on the LDS 1880 CD Census set in Cincinnati, OH.)
This book has directed me to so many early FPOC families of Ohio that become intermingled in my own family history, direct and collateral, that I’m sure it will do the same for anyone with FPOC roots in Southwestern Ohio.