AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Court Documents of FPOC - Fredericksburg Virginia
I found some interesting records relating to my ancestor, on this website. The site is monitored by Barry McGhee, who is transcribing documents from the Fredericksburg Circuit Court.
The following documents pertain to my Lewis and Jackson ancestors, who were FPOC in Fredericksburg. After reading through the records I realized that they were just as oppressed as slaves. They were required to work for little or no pay, and if the white person they worked for did not pay them, they had little recourse. Maria Lewis was married to Samuel Jackson, but I doubt that she ever shared a house with him. They died around the same time and their children were orphans (Samuel and Maria are my Great Great Great Grandparents). Maria was assaulted several times, as was Ambrose Lewis wife, Fanny. Nancy was also assaulted and whipped several times, by people she worked for, and on the street. In one case Nancy and her son are cited for harboring a slave. This tells me that they were aware of and against slavery.
MAYOR'S COURT ORDER BOOK RECORD
1. 1808, Nancy Lewis is charged with Larceny against her employer, Kezia Hildrup.
2. 1817, Nancy Lewis is charged with receiving stolen goods. The stolen goods were a slave that belonged to Samuel Owens.
3. 1821, William Jackson was suing for wages he earned while working on the Scooner, Ann and Maria.
4. 1821, Commonwealth against Nancy Lewis & Maria Washington for an affray - ordered to be committed.
6. 1822, William Bell, mariner, was arrested by order of the Magistrates in open court for an assault upon the person of Nancy Lewis & committed for want of security until discharged by due course of law.
7. 1823, Warrant issued against John Stewart for an assault on Maria Jackson and for supposed Lunacy.
8. 1827, James Jackson (probably Patty Bowdens' stepson), a free man of color, having been charged with abusive and indecorous language towards Mrs. Frances Taylor, was sentenced to receive 10 lashes on his bare back & to pay fines.
9. 1830, William Lewis, a free colored boy, brought to this office by B.R. Hillyard chargedon the oaths of John Lewis, his father, Redd Toombs & Jesse Wayte with having wounded & maimed his sister Maria Lewis by throwing stones at her, he is therefore ordered to Jail (Maria is the daughter of Nancy Lewis, who is the daughter of Charles Lewis, and William is of course, her brother). Maria must have died shortly after this incident, as her children were orphans. Samuel also died in 1830.
10. 1783, Ambrose Lewis plaintiff, Mark Towel Defendant; Ship account for wages on the Schooner of Capt. Mark Towel. (Ambrose and Charles Lewis were Seamen during the Revolutionary War)
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