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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

JOHN TONEY- Halifax Co.,NC-Revolutionary War Pensi

In honor of the 4th of July,I am posting this pension file for one of our Free Persons of Color. This person is on my family tree, he is the father of at least two gggggrand aunts of mine, and I do have a little bit more of info on the family in my files.

JOHN TONEY Revolutionary War Pension File
(Transcribed by Deloris Williams – from microfilmed copies of 805 – Roll 806 – Image 637 - File No. W9859
Note: John Toney was in the 1790 census - as “John Tony”- in the Halifax County, Edgecombe Dist., North Carolina as head of household of 7 Other Free; in 1800 Halifax County, Halifax Dist., North Carolina, with 16 Other Free; in 1810 Halifax County, North Carolina –as “John Tony”- with 11 Other Free; and in 1820 Halifax County, Halifax, North Carolina, with a total of 11 Free Colored Persons. Their known children were Charles, Kinchen, Matthew, William, Nancy, Martha, Israel, and Arthur)

1886 Feby 19 W.H. MORGAN that heirs had no title to a pension but if no bounty allowed children un 21 y on March 23 1855 can claim it if they prove service & marriage but heirs of such children have not title to the land.

North Carolina – 2534
Widow of JOHN TONEY dec’d
Died on the month of December 1823
Halifax in the State of NC
Was a Private in the ????? commanded
Capt._________in the NC
Line for 11 months.

Inscribed on the Roll of NC at the
Rate of 36 dollars 66 cents per annum
To commence on the 4th day March 1831
Certificate of Pension issued 1st day of March
1839 an ?? R.H.MOSBY Esq. Littleton, NC

Swears to the 4th of Sept 1836 $226.62
Semi annual allowance ending 4 March 39’- 18.33


Revolutionary Claim Act July 4,1836 Section the 3d
Recorded by D.? H. ADDISON Clerk
Book 5 - Volume 206 - Page 171

In order to obtain the benefit of the third section of the Act of Congress on the 4th of July 1836
State of North Carolina
County of Halifax

On this 14th day of August 1838 personally appeared before me Justice of the Peace for the County and State above written MARTHA TONEY a resident of the County of Halifax and State of North Carolina aged to the best of her knowledge eighty five or six years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed July 4th 1836 – That she is the widow of JOHN TONEY who was a soldier of the Revolution and served as such in the militia and regular service for the best part of the war. She is unable to state the names of the officers he served under but she well knows that he was for several years under the command of GENERAL SUMNER and served as much as five years.
She further declared that she was married to the said JOHN TONEY in the month of May seventeen hundred & seventy seven by COL. JAMES ALLEN a Justice of the Peace in the upper end of the County of Halifax. That her husband, the aforesaid JOHN TONEY died in the month of November 1823 and that she has remained a widow ever since that period as will more fully appear by reference to the proof hereto annexed.

Sworn to and subscribed by me on the day and year above written.


[signed, her mark]

State of North Carolina
County of Halifax

The affidavit of MRS. NANCY HOLLY
Of the County and State above written taken to prove the marriage of JOHN TONEY with his wife MARTHA CARPENTER. This affiant being first duly sworn to law testifies and says that she is now in the seventy eighth year of her age of her age that MARTHA CARPENTER resided with her mother and was to the knowledge of this affiant married to JOHN TONEY in the Spring of the year Seventeen hundred & Seventy Seven by COL. JAMES ALLEN. This affiant was not present at the marriage but she was close by and saw them when they returned. She has known from her earliest recollection JOHN TONEY & his wife and resided in the same neighbourhood with him up to the time of his death and ever since near his widow.
This affiant testifies that JOHN TONEY & his wife were married in the Spring of 1777. And before the close of the Revolution his wife had two children. JOHN TONEY was in service the best part of his time and this affiant well recollects seeing him on his return home on one vacasion and of finding his wife at work in the field. She also testifies that MARTHA TONEY now applying for a pension is the identical person known to her in 1777 and there married to JOHN TONEY & that to her knowledge she has been a widow ever since the death of the said JOHN TONEY.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 14th day of August 1838
[signed] [signed, her mark]

State of North Carolina
County of Halifax

The affidavit of NATHAN BAKER a citizen of the County and State above written taken to establish the right of MARTHA TONEY wife of JOHN TONEY to the benefit of the Act of Congress granting pensions to the widows of Revolutionary soldiers passed 4th of July 1836.
This affiant first being duly sworn according to law testifies and says that he is now in the 70th year of his age that he has resided in this county for the last sixty five or sixty six years, and from the earliest period of his recollection he has known JOHN TONEY and his wife – This affiant has no knowledge of the period of the marriage of JOHN TONEY to his wife now applying for a pension. But he is fully persuaded that she was married long before the close of the Revolution for the following reasons. 1st this affiant is now seventy years of age and he was at the same school with one of the children of JOHN TONEY who if alive could not be less than fifty eight or sixty years of age. This affiant well recollects that JOHN TONEY was at Guilford Court House and ran horses and was taken and made to ?serve ? the end of War.
This affiant knows that MARTHA TONEY has never married since the death of her husband JOHN TONEY.
Given under my hand & seal this 11th day of August 1838.


August 7, 1936

Mr. W. T. Harris
R.D.#2, Box 13
Eads, Tennessee

Dear Sir:

The data which follow are obtained from the papers on file in Revolutionary War pension claim, W.9859, based upon the service in that war of John Toney.
John Toney enlisted sometime before the battle of Camden (Gates Defeat), exact date and place not shown, and served during the years 1780, and 1781 in Captains Yarborough’s and Buck’s North Carolina Companies and continued in service until March or April 1782.
He died in November 1823 place not shown.
The soldier married in May 1777, Halifax County, North Carolina, Martha Carpenter. The date and place of her birth and the names of parents are not shown.
Soldiers’ widow Martha was allowed pension on her application executed August 9, 1838, at which time she was aged eighty-five or eighty-six years and resided in Halifax County, North Carolina.
Children are referred to but no names are given.

Very truly yours,
A.D. Hiller
Executive Assistant
to the Administrator

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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