AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Re: Cartwrights in Loudoun County
In Response To: Re: Cartwrights in Loudoun County ()
Here is an update on my Cartwright research.
Philip Cartwright was freed around 1810 because by 1811 is appears on the Loudoun County Personal Property Tax List.
In 1844, he manumitted his wife Sophia and children Zacariah, Ann Mahala, Warren, Nicodemus and William.
In the book First Freed: Washington, DC in the Emancipation Era, Dr. Ida Jones mentioned that Joseph Cartwright purchased his freedom for five dollars. After examining the actual deed, Joseph was in fact manumitted for "faithful, extraordinary and meritorious service." The deed dated 13 December 1819, also revealed that was known to the large community as Joseph Cartwright despite the fact that his owner called him Joe. This shows that enslaved individuals had surnames separate and apart from the slave holding families while still in bondage.
After raising $2000 to purchased his wife and children out of slavery, Joseph continue to raise fund to purchase other individuals. An article in the Newark Daily Advertiser dated 10 Nov 1846, mentioned his presence in the city to to raise fund for the purchase of three children. It appears that he was on the lecture circuit preaching and discussing the evils of slavery.