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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re: Cartwrights in Loudoun County

After spending the morning at the Loudoun County Archives in Leesburg, VA, I was able to determine some of the relationships between the Cartwrights listed in the Free Black Registers 1844-1861.

Philip Cartwright (b. 1775) was the father of Warren (b. 1821), Letitia (b. 1825), Ann Mahala (b. 1827), and Nicodemus. There mother was an enslaved woman by the name of Sophia. It is quiet possible that he was also the father of Zachariah (b. 1819). According to December 1850, deed record which listed Philip as Cartwright or Lewis, he was mostly known as Philip Lewis before adopting Cartwright.

They registered as FPOC as follows:

Warren on 10 Dec 1844
Letitia on 14 Jan 1845
Ann Mahala on 9 Jan 1849
Nicodemus in 1843

It was recorded that Philip had purchased their freedom. Unfortunately, no records exist of the transaction(s).

Ann Mahala registered her five children on 13 Oct 1856.
Margaret aged 15
James Williams aged 9
Leaman aged 6
George Henry aged 4
Mahala aged 2

Nicodemus Cartwright married a free woman of color by the name of Ann Taylor in Nov 1849. She obtained her freedom through the will of Margaret Fryer.

Philip's grandson Philip E. Cartwright (b. 1839) fought in the Civil War with Company B, 38 USCT Infantry. He enlisted on 14 Mar 1865 in Washington, DC and was discharged on 18 Mar 1866 in Galveston, Texas.

Zachariah registered his status on 14 Nov 1844.

Philip and most of his descendants with the exception Nicodemus who relocated to Ohio, stayed in Northern Virginia and relocated to Washington, DC.

I have yet to connect these Cartwrights to Joseph Cartwright (b. 1783-1851) who relocated to Georgetown, Washington County DC in the mid-1820s. There is a strong possibility that Philip and Joseph are brothers based on their age, proximity to each other and the shared names of their children.

So far I have been to five repositories - National Archives, Library of Virginia, D.A.R. Library, Loudoun County Archives and the DC Library Special Collection. I still have three more repositories to visit and I will post my progress soon.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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