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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re: "Free" vs. "Freed". (FPOC in OHIO)

I have a question about OH records. Did the registers specify if the person was born in the state?

The Ohio 'freedom registers' were for only for people of color as they were coming into Ohio from some other State. (1804-1849). It was to prove/certify they were in fact 'free' and proof of their 'free status' had to have been recorded in the State where freedom was granted.

How were free people born outside of the state documented?

For 'incoming' people of color to become a resident of Ohio a certifcate of freedom had to be produced and filed in the County where they sought residency. The 'freedom certificate' was to have been cited from files recorded in the County & State where freedom was obtained.

Did they know if they had been manumitted or born free in another state?

In many cases a statement of birth status was recorded (free born vs manumitted) was noted on the freedom registration, or certifiacte for residency

Did they even care as long as they were free when they arrived in OH?

No, birth status was not an issue. The 'concept' for Ohio was to insure that they were not in violation of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 in allowing residency in Ohio to people of color escaping from slavery. My interpetation is that this was an 'appeasment' to the slave holding states for Ohio's admission into the Union in 1803 as a free State.

I hope this answers your questions. Examples of abstracts of 'freedom registrations' are seen in my previous two (2) postings in this thread. Some abstracts reflect status of free born, others as manumitted/emancipated.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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