AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Re: "Free" vs. "Freed".
In Response To: Re: "Free" vs. "Freed". ()
We understand your initial post and we too are researching those who were free or freed prior to the Civil War. Many of us are also researching our families who are of mixed ancestry. Since I am not researching in MD, I cannot comment on Maryland records. But I like Selma have done much research in VA. In Virginia and NC, the hierarchy that you posted was not necessarily accurate. In many cases NA married or blended into the black community so that they would have rights because in Virginia their right were taken away. If you haven't done do already, check out Plecker.
I have been researching several free families or as you would call them freed families. I use the word freed because with some it's hard to tell if they were initially slaves or indentureds. My Charitys traces back to the mid 1600s. Some of my other connected families are Green, Banks, Bradby, Miles, Weaver, Nickens, Copeland, Howell, Collins, Chavis, Adkins, Hall, Boon, just to name a few. All free or freed by at least the early 1800s. These are my and my husband's folks. I am also researching my Thomas family who moved from VA to PA. I haven't been able to determine if they were free or freed, but they were not enslaved as of the late 1830s.
Reflected in my families are lines who connect with the Chickahominy, Nansemond, Pamunkey, Tuscarora, Catabawa and possibly the Nottoway. There may also be the Mahoac from northern VA. My greatgrandmother indicated on the 1910 census that she didn't know where her parents were born because they were Indian. She was from Tennessee.
I'm just saying consideration for those like Toot and Selma who have been researching for probably 15 + years and who are highly regarded on this and other forums might be in order and a good thing. My experience has been they usually know what they are talking about.
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