As Art said in his post, only the Head of Household would be named in earlier Federal Population census records. Members of the household are listed in age GROUPS only (1840 and earlier).
This is complicated by the fact that some families lived with relatives or friends - and their surnames would not appear in the index as heads of their own households.
First, a brief view of the land.
It is important to understand where your ancestors lived, and how the borders changed, when looking for early Records.
Rockingham county borders Stokes (to the west), Guilford (on its south), Caswell (on the east) and the Virginia counties of Henry and Pittsylvania (on its north).
Henry county is part of the division of Patrick Henry county in 1791 (the other being Patrick County).
Surry county, NC is just west of Stokes county.* It was formed in 1771 from Rowan County, however, parts were combined for Wilkes County.
Surry borders Carroll, Patrick and Grayson counties in Virginia, and Forsyth, Wilkes, Yadkin, (Stokes), and Alleghany county, NC.
Next, the surname(s).
Not sure about Rickman (and various forms), but some GOIN researchers have posted to this site in the past.
The name has an interesting past, linked to Native American, multi-racial and Lumbee, as well as just f.p.o.c. (free people of color).
Once you have taken your research back to the eighteenth centure, you may be able to 'connect' to the information on Paul Heinegg's site on fpoc in VA and the Carolinas:
Then, what is currently known is important to help other volunteers. Please correct me if any information is not accurate.
I am not a North Carolina researcher, however in order to help those volunteers that are familiar with NC records and families, a brief list of what was found is in order:
1913: Death Record for Mariah Rickman (widow)
Born ca. 1833 in NC.
Death: Winston (Forsyth county), NC
Informant: Robert L. Rickman (Winston, NC)
Burial: Madison? NC
1900: Mariah Richman (abt. 60)
Middle Fork, Forsyth, NC
10 living children
living with son-in-law and daughter: Hugh and Frankie Martin
1880: Mariah Hickman (abt. 50)
with husband, John Hickman (60)
Mazariah, George, Joseph, Robert, Thomas, Susan and James. Oldest is 24; youngest is 3 (three).
1870: Mariah Hickman (30)
with John (50)
Peter, Malian?, Massriah, Francis (female), Dodd, Joe Henry and Robert Lee.
Oldest is 18; youngest is 3.
All in Stokes, NC (Snow Creek).
There are also "Rickman" neighbors that should be investigated.
1860: Mariah Ruckman
[Art listed this family in his earlier post.]
1850: Rockingham, NC
Fanny Bridges 87 b. NC
John Rickman 24 (born abt 1826)
Mazzie [Maggie?] Rickman 15
(Could this be Mariah?)
Definitely in the relm of possibilities.
The name BRIDGES is interesting - it is 'similar to' the surname found on a couple of N.C. Death records for her children.
*1840: US Federal Census
- William GOING, Surry, NC (veteran, born ca 1762)
- - 1 Free Colored male 55-99
- - 1 Free colored female 55-99
Total of 2 people in household.
Total of 4 Free Colored persons in household. (All persons = 4).
Some others listed with (all) Free 'colored' people in 1840.
1) Martin GOING (Surry) - 4
2) Morgan GOING (Surry) - 3
3) William GOING (Surry) - 9
- - (2 females and 3 males under 10)
4) Woodson GOING (Surry) - 4
5) A GOING (Rockingham) - 4
6) G GOING (Rockingham) - 5
7) J GOING (Rockingham) - 5
8 ) L GOING (Rockingham) - 4
9) M GOING (Rockingham) - 2
10) N GOING (Rockingham) - 5
11) A GOING (Rockingham) - 11
12) John Ree Rickmon (Patrick, VA) - 5
13) Sarah Rickman (Patrick, VA) - 7
**Patrick county, VA is on the border of both Stokes and Surry county, NC.
1849: Sally GOIN and Peter L. Rickman
married 16 Sep 1849 in Rockingham, NC
1848: Mariah GOIN and John RICKMON
21 Sep 1848 in Rockingham, NC
BONDSMAN: William GOIN
(Was he related?)
George Rickman (Death: Stokes, NC - 1918)
Parents: John Rickman and Maria Bridgeman
Informant: R??? Rickman, W-Salem NC
Malissia Ann Richmon (Forsyth, NC - 1914)
Parents: John and Maria Bridgeman
Informant: Robert GOINS, Winston-Salem, NC
Peter Richmon (Death: Stokes, NC - 1918)
Parents: John Richmon and Marfah Bridgema)
Informant: Dick GOIN
Burial: GOIN Graveyard
Death Records from NC Deaths on Ancestry.com and family search pilot online death index for NC (1898 - 1994) and North Carolina-Easy.
FHL #0518428: from County Court Records.
Ancestry.com. North Carolina Marriage
Collection, 1741-2004 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Ancestry.com. 1840-1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
Year: 1900; Census Place: Middle Fork, Forsyth, North Carolina; Roll: T623_1194; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 27.
Year: 1880; Census Place: Stokes, North Carolina.
Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. All rights reserved.
Year: 1870; Census Place: Snow Creek, Stokes, North Carolina; Roll: M593_1160; Page: 212A; Image: 437; Family History Library Film: 552659.
Year: 1850; Census Place: Western District, Rockingham, North Carolina; Roll: M432_643; Page: 89B; Image: 185.
Year: 1840; Census Place: , Surry, North Carolina; Roll: 50; Page: 371; Image: 113; Family History Library Film: 0018098.
The North Carolina Genealogical Society Award of Excellence in Publishing, to