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African American DNA Research Forum

African Ancestry PatriClan Test Results

Dear Mr. Hopkins,

It is with pleasure that I report that our PatriClanTM analysis successfully identified your paternal genetic ancestry. The Y chromosome DNA that we determined from your sample shares ancestry with two groups: the Bubi people in Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea) and the Kimbundu people in Angola. While these groups may differ socially and culturally, there are people within them who share a common genetic ancestry.

We studied polymorphisms (different forms of DNA) on the non-recombining portion of your Y chromosome (NRY). This segment of DNA is transmitted identically from father to son. A panel of nine genetic markers (also called polymorphisms) on the NRY was analyzed using standard Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) methodology. The polymorphisms we examined consisted of the slowly evolving ALU insertion/deletion polymorphism; and 8 highly mutable microsatellites or short tandem repeats (STRs). Differences in chromosome markers correlate highly with the ethnic and geographic origin of the individual. When compared to Y chromosome markers in large databases such as our African Lineage Database (ALD), Y chromosomes collected from individuals like you could be interpreted as genealogies reflecting the paternal lineage history of the human species. Although the informative stretches of genetic information along the Y chromosome represents less than one percent of your entire genetic make-up, it has proven to be a powerful tool for identifying and defining paternal lineages.

This result means that you have inherited through your father a segment of DNA that was passed on consistently from father to son to you. This segment of DNA is presently found in Africa in Bioko Island and Angola. We have enclosed several materials that reflect the results of your analysis and that may help you to research your historical and cultural ancestry. There is a copy of your Y chromosome polymorphisms. We have also included a Certificate of Ancestry authenticating that your polymorphisms matched with the Bubi in Bioko Island and the Kimbundu in Angola. You can display it with pride among other important family documents. In addition, we have included a full color map that geographically depicts your ancestral region. Finally, we have included the African Ancestry Guide to West and Central Africa to help you learn more about the peoples and cultures in these countries.

Thank you for your support and interest in African Ancestry.


Gina Paige
African Ancestry, Inc.

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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