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AfriGeneas Canada Research Forum

Thanks Lisa .......Slavery in Canada

This post is to publicly thank Lisa Lee, Forum Manager, for the 'plethora' :) of materials she sent me regarding my Canadian research.

My ancestors were taken to Canada (1780) as slave captives of British Loyalists & Shawnee Indians. Lisa responded to my request for help with more information than one could resaonably expect, with the promise of more, if needed.

These materials gave me a better understanding of my ancestors situation in Canada prior to their return to the United States around the 1810-1815 timeframe. They may have also explained a reason for their return.

Slavery was legal in Canada until 9 July 1793. Rather than the immediate abolishment of slavery this act "prevented the further indtroduction of Slaves, and to limit the Terms of Contracts of Servitude within this province", this province being Upper Canada (Ontario). The act provided a mechanism to abolish slavery gradually if it could be done without violating the rights of private property.

So in effect those who were slaves as of 1793 were not instantly freed. My ancestors were slaves and therefore not immediately freed.

A list of my slave ancestors, with CANDIS, HANNAH & BESS being my 5th, 6th & 7th great-grandmother's respectfully.

"List of Slaves formerly the property of Mrs. Agnes La Force now in possession of:"

Negro Scipio --in possession of Simon Girty( a renegade white Pennsylvanian who sided with the British and led many Indian raids against the Americans).
ditto Tim--Mr. Le Duc (Phillip Le Duc, a French Canadian, member of the Bird expedition).
ditto Ishener--ditto
ditto Stephen-- Captn, Graham (Duncan Graham), an officer in the Indian Department).
ditto Joseph--Capt. Elliot (Matthew Elliot, a captain in the Indian Service).
ditto Keggy--Ditto
ditto Job-- Mr. Baby ( Duperon Baby, a prominent French trader in Detroit).
ditto HANNAH--Mr. Fisher (Frederic Fisher, an Indian interpreter).
ditto CANDIS--Capt. McKee (Alexander McKee, a Loyalist who headed the Department of Indian Affairs
for the British).
ditto BESS, Grace, Rachel, and Patrick-Indians.
13 (total)"

note: BESS is BETTY; Keggy is Kejiah

With the Nortwest Territory (1787), out of which came the State of Ohio (1803), I believe that my surviving ancestors were able to make their way back into Ohio during the period leading up to the War of 1812. I believe they were in search of their relatives who were adopted by the Shawnee and who were living in the area of what becomes Champaign County, Ohio (1807).

Of course much more research in this area will be required, but I can't thank you enough Lisa. Your materials have given me a possible reason and a for-sure starting point on how my people came to Ohio in the very early 1800's.

Art Thomas

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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