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AfriGeneas Canada Research Forum

Re: Slaves returned from Canada

On Rachel Newell, is it your sense that she is among the individuals enumerated for John D. Newell in the 1850 and/or 1860 "slave censuses"?

For the 1850 document, I took the individuals backwards and forwards across the ten-year intervals to see how old they would be at given points, then worked out an approximate birth year for each.

Below: birth year; age in 1820; age in 1830; age in 1840; age provided in the 1850 'slave census'; projected age for 1860; final column the race/gender description.

So, first line, Black Male said to be 30 in 1850, then backtraced to 1840 (20 yrs old); 1830 (10 yrs old); 1820 (1 yr, or not yet born); moved forward to be 40 in 1860 and 50 in 1870. The initial birth year column worked out from the 1850 figures in the doc.

1820// 1// 10// 20// 30// 40// 50// BM
************************************************************
1825// 0// 5// 15// 25// 35// 45// BM
************************************************************
1833// 0// 0// 7// 17// 27// 37// BF
***********************************************************
1837// 0// 0// 3// 13// 23// 33 BF
***********************************************************
1849// 0// 0// 0// 1// 11// 21 BM
**********************************************************
-->We should expect to see in 1860, ten years later:
Black Male: 40
Black Male: 35
Black Female: 27
Black Female: 23
Black Male: 11
***********************************************************
From the 1860 enumerations
Columns: birth year worked out from the age given as of 1860; read back and forth from 1820 (2d column)/1830/1840/1850/1860/1870
***********************************************************
1820// 1// 10// 20// 30// 40// 50// BM
1835// 0// 0// 5// 15// 25// 35// BF
1850// 0// 0// 0// 1// 10// 20// BM
1852// 0// 0// 0// 0// 8// 18// BM
1853// 0// 0// 0// 0// 7// 17// BF
1855// 0// 0// 0// 0// 5// 15// BF
1859// 0// 0// 0// 0// 1// 11// BM
***********************************************************
Black Male 40 (Yes, seems to match the 30-year old from 1850)
Black Female 25 (perhaps the 17-year old black female from 1850)
Black Male 10 (perhaps the 1 year old from 1850)
Black Male 8 (born after 1850)
Black Male 7 (born after 1850)
Black Female 5 (born after 1850)
Black Male 1 (born after 1850)
**********************************************************
Missing from the 1850 group:
Black Male: 25 (1850); 35 (1860) b. 1825
Black Female: 13 (1850) 23 (1860) b. 1837
***********************************************************
Looking back to 1840, John Newell had one slave:
Black Male 24-36 (1840)
1850, would be 34-46
1860, would be 44-56 (could match 1860)

***********************************************************
On the Canadian connection: By the 1840s and 1850s, Canada was not permitting slave owners to use the courts there to reclaim individuals unless on the basis of a 'crime' other than being a runaway.
**********************************************************
I hope the numerical figuring above makes sense. I can email the original chart, as the spacing in the original table can be useful. Plus, recalling the Britt-connection, I've included the age tracking for individuals listed as slaves in the Copiah Britt families, looking in particular for a female of the right approximate age.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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