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Black Minqua The Life and Times of Henry Green
Black Minqua is the story of a community of Free Blacks who settled in an area now known as the Welsh Mountains. Over generations the inhabitants of the Mountains were isolated from those in the surrounding Valley. The settlement of People of Color was looked on with disdain by the surrounding community of whites. The settlement started in the late 1600's when Thomas Green I purchased land in the Pequea Valley from Benjamin Franklin. The Land was Warranted Land passed out to those willing to clear and settle in the Valley. Over 16,000 acres were set aside for Natives in the area. It is believed that the Greens were some of the Natives who received Land. Henry Green left his footprint in history when he participated in a revolt called the, Christiana Resistance and in the Civil War. Left out of the History of this region is that the Mountains were a passage on the Underground Railroad. Part of the secrecy and distrust of outsiders is that many slaves passed through and settled there.
In 1790 Thomas Green II was described by a white reporter as a Burly Negro and the head of Green's Banditti. Over the generations the inhabitants of the Mountains were described as lawless and shiftless. Throughout the years the community on the Mountains left for better opportunities and to participate in events such as the Civil War. They continued to pay tribute to the mountains and those left behind. This book is a memorial to those people whose land and history is now threatened with extinction.