AfriGeneas Africa Research Forum
FORTS & CASTLES OF GHANA
Modern Ghana takes its name from the ancient kingdom of Ghana that flourished, north of the present day state, between the 4th and 11th centuries AD. However, the history of Ghana dates back even further to the great Sudanic empires of West Africa which controlled the trade in gold and salt to and from the trans-Saharan trade routes.
Later history brought European traders, and a period when many nations left their mark on what became known as the 'Gold Coast'. Great empires remained in Ghana, and the traditions of the Asante and the Fante continue even to the modern state of Ghana that emerged in 1957.
Throughout history, slavery has been a recurring theme and, although long past, the Slave Route now allows us to rediscover and remember events that reshaped the face of mankind.
All over Ghana, vestiges of the past remain for the visitor to discover. Relics, historic sites, national monuments, and of course, our castles and forts.
The forts and castles along the coast of Ghana date back to the 15th Century and were built and occupied at different times by European traders and adventurers from Portugal, Spain, Denmark, Sweden, Holland, Germany and Britain to safeguard trading posts.
Several of them changed hands on numerous occasions in bloody battles or by treaty, and all have a fascinating history.
Today, some have been restored and have a variety of uses while some are in ruins. Most are open to the public.