: I believe that I may be the descendant of a woman who appears only
: on the 1880 census as Belle Milandre (good shark???), and claims
: that she and both parents were born in Africa. In 1880 she is
: living near several folks who claim that their mother was
: African born, so I'm hopeful that she after more research will
: prove to be their mother. Louise Thomas, who lived near Belle in
: 1880 and claimed her mother was of African birth, married in the
: 1860's as Louise "Bebelle"....which could imply that
: she was the Belle's daughter. I don't have a clue as to where in
: Africa Belle was from, but do know Avoyelles early slave records
: indicate a substantial number of African born slaves were from
: the Congo and Senegal. How do I make this connection?
: Additionally I have found that my step-sons ancestor, London
: Coleman was born in the "Belgium Congo"---as were
: several of his neighbors 1867-1880 in Harris County, Texas. I've
: found that London, his brother, and another guy who may also
: have been their relative, used Lufkin as a last name after
: slavery ended until abt 1870. It could be that they were held as
: slaves in Lufkin, Tx--or they could have been the slaves of A.
: Lufkin, a slaveholding entrepeneur in Galveston. Goodman, was
: another of the names used by some of the Belgium Congo
: How do you make the leap to some African country? Who do you
: contact? I've had little sucess in making contact with
: organizations/institutions I thought might be able to give me
: direction? I realize of course, especially in the Congo--that
: this obsession of mine pales in light of their turmoil.
: Still...any suggestion on Belle Milandre or the Lufkin/Colemans?
I'm a little bit familiar with the Congo region - because I lived there. The old Belgian Congo - now known as Zaire does not have a deep sea port. The Congo, known as The People's Republic of the Congo (once known as French Congo - or Congo-Brazzaville) does - as does Cabinda (Portugese Congo)
Slave ships had to leave from deep sea ports. There are a few places in Congo-Brazzaville where many slave ships left from - Point Noir and Dioso. The capitol of Zaire (Kinshasa) is across the Congo River from Brazzaville.
You might want to take a look at the history of that region, do a google search - see how it was divided up - and see what if any old records on slave ships are still available.
Sorry can't be of more help.