AfriGeneas Adoption Forum
Black adoptions on the rise
Black adoptions on the rise: increasing number of African American children finding homes
African Americans have long practiced kinship adoptions-- taking in children of relatives when their biological parents are no longer able to care for them--and the trend is growing. The percentage of kinship adopters grew from 15% in 1998 to 23% in 2003. But a recent study by the U.S. Census Bureau shows that the number of black children under age 18 who are formally adopted is also increasing.
In 2000, 16% of adoptive children were black, up from 12.9% in 1996. That same year, the percentage of children born to African American parents was 13%. This disparity of biological children versus adoptive children is due to the fact that the percentage of black children in the child welfare system is higher than the percentage of black children in the overall population, according to Adopted Children and Stepchildren: 2000.
The number of documented African American adoptive children has increased now that the Census Bureau recognizes kinship adoptions in its data. But to find homes for every child in need, black children would have to be adopted at significantly higher rates, says Adam Pertman, executive director of the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute in New York
Others say the emphasis should be placed on formalizing kinship adoptions so that adoptive children stay within their biological families.
Note: Table made from bar graph.
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